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2018, RRH Consultores, S.C.

Ricardo Ramírez Hernández

Founder & Partner


Islote 71, Colonia Las Águilas,
Álvaro Obregón, C.P. 01710,
Mexico City

Phone number: +(52) 55 56 35 17 32

Summary ―

Founding partner of RRH Consultores S.C., which provides legal advice in the field of international trade law. As legal counsel, arbitrator and judge, he has participated in nearly 50 disputes in several areas of international economic law brought under different trade agreements.

Por más de 8 años, Juez del máximo tribunal de comercio internacional, el Órgano de Apelación de la Organización Mundial del Comercio (OMC). Es el primer mexicano en formar parte de este tribunal y el juez más joven de cualquier tribunal internacional. Fue electo por dos periodos consecutivos como Presidente de este tribunal.

Antes de su designación, Ricardo Ramírez trabajó en la Secretaría de Economía donde representó a México, fungió como el abogado principal en varias negociaciones comercial internacionales, así como en varias diferencias ante la OMC y otros acuerdos comerciales. En el ámbito privado, fue jefe de la práctica de comercio internacional en América Latina del despacho Chadbourne & Parke, S.C.

He has been arbitrator in cases initiated under different trade agreements as well as on investment arbitration tribunals. On September 16, 2017, he was appointed by the Chairman of the Administrative Council of the World Bank to the Panel of Arbitrators of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) for a period of 6 years. He is one of only two Mexicans to be included in this roster since 1974.

He is Professor at the Faculty of Law of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) and Chairman of the International Trade Professors Association of UNAM. He holds a Law Degree by the Autonomous Metropolitan University of Mexico and an L.L.M on International Legal Studies by the American University.

Professional Experience

On June 2009, Ricardo Ramirez was appointed as Member of the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization (WTO). He was reappointed by the WTO Members for a second four-year term starting on July 2013. He was elected by his peers as Chair for two consecutive terms: January – December 2013 and 2014. His term ended on June 30, 2017. However, he completed the work on appeals assigned while a Member. On September 16, 2017 was designated to serve on the ICSID Panel of Arbitrators by the Chairman of the ICSID Administrative Council for a term of six years.

From 2006 to 2009 Mr. Ramirez was head of the International Trade Practice for Latin America at Chadbourne & Parke, S.C., his practice focused on a full range of trade matters, including unfair trade practices and safeguards; trade facilitation and customs procedures; international standards and regulatory compliance; foreign investment and antitrust matters. Prior to Chadbourne & Parke, he was Deputy General Counsel for Trade Negotiations of the Ministry of Economy in Mexico. For more than 11 years, Mr. Ramírez provided advice on trade and competition policy matters related to all trade agreements signed by Mexico.


WTO Disputes


As an Appellate Body Member, he has been part of the Division in the following disputes:

Indonesia — Importation of Horticultural Products, Animals and Animal Products.(Complainant: New Zealand and United States).



European Union – Antidumping Measures on Imports of Certain Fatty Alcohols from Indonesia (Complainant: Indonesia) (Chair of the Division)


United States — Certain Methodologies and Their Application to Anti-Dumping Proceedings Involving China. (Complainant: China).


European Communities — Measures Affecting Trade in Large Civil Aircraft. Recourse to Article 21.5 of the DSU.  (Complainant: China). DS/316. (Chair of the Division).


Russian Federation — Measures on the Importation of Live Pigs, Pork and Other Pig Products from the European Union. (Complainant: European Union).


United States — Anti-dumping and Countervailing Measures on large residential washers from Korea. (Complainant: Korea).


European Communities — Definitive Anti-Dumping Measures on Certain Iron or Steel Fasteners from China – Recourse to Article 21.5 of the DSU.. (Complainant: China). (Chair of the Division).


China – Measures Imposing Anti-Dumping Duties on High-Performance Stainless Steel Seamless Tubes (“HP-SSST”) from Japan (Complainant: Japan). China – Measures Imposing Anti-Dumping Duties on High-Performance Stainless Steel Seamless Tubes (“HP-SSST”) from the European Union (Complainant: European Union).



United States – Certain Country of Origin Labelling (Cool) Requirements – Recourse to Article 21.5 of the DSU by Canada and Mexico. Complainants: Canada, Mexico).



Argentina – Measures Affecting the Importation of Goods(Complainants: United States, Japan).



United States – Countervailing Measures on Certain Hot-Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products from India (Complainant: India). (Chair of the Division).


China – Measures Related to the Exportation of Rare Earths, Tungsten and Molybdenum (Complainants: United States, European Union, Japan).




Canada - Measures Relating to the Feed-in Tariff Program (Complainants: European Union and Japan). (Chair of the Division).



United States – Certain Country of Origin Labelling Requirements Complainants: Canada, Mexico).


United States – Measures Affecting the Production and Sale of Clove Cigarettes (Complainant: Indonesia).


China – Measures Related to the Exportation of Various Raw Materials (Complainants: United States, European Communities and Mexico). (Chair of the Division).




Philippines - Taxes on Distilled Spirits (Complainant: United States).


Thailand - Customs and Fiscal Measures on Cigarettes from the Philippines (Complainant: Philippines).


United States – Definitive Anti-Dumping and Countervailing Duties on Certain Products from China (Complainant: China). (Chair of the Division).


China – Measures Affecting Trading Rights and Distribution Services for Certain Publications and Audiovisual Entertainment Products (Complainant: United States).


Article 21.3 C Arbitrations

Peru - Additional Duty On Imports Of Certain Agricultural Products (Complainant: Guatemala). Appointed by parties.





Under the Additional Facility Rules of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)

Telefónica, S.A. v. United Mexican States  (ARB (AF)/12/4). Administering Institution: ICSID. Appointed by the State.

Lion Mexico Consolidated L.P. v. United Mexican States,  (ARB(AF)/15/2). Administering Institution: ICSID. Appointed by the State.

Under the ICSID Arbitration Rules

Original Proceedings

Cervin Investissements S.A. and Rhone Investissements S.A. v. Republic of Costa Rica  (ARB/13/2). Administering Institution: ICSID. Appointed by the Investor.

Annulment Proceedings

Teinver S.A., Transportes de Cercanías S.A. and Autobuses Urbanos del Sur S.A. v. Argentine Republic  (ICSID Case No. ARB/09/1).  

Eiser Infrastructure Limited and Energía Solar Luxembourg S.à r.l. v. Kingdom of Spain  (ICSID Case No. ARB/13/36)  


Blusun S.A., Jean-Pierre Lecorcier and Michael Stein v. Italian Republic (ICSID Case No. ARB/14/3).


Saint-Gobain Performance Plastics Europe v. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (ICSID Case No. ARB/12/13)

Under the Rules of the United Nations Convention on International Trade Law (UNICITRAL):

Michael Ballantine and Lisa Ballantine v. Dominican Republic,  (PCA: 2016-17) Administering Institution: Permanent Court of Arbitration. Appointed by the Parties as Presiding Arbitrator.

Glencore Finance (Bermuda) Limited v. Plurinational State of Bolivia,  (PCA: 2016-39). Administering Institution: Permanent Court of Arbitration. Appointed by the Parties as Presiding Arbitrator.

Trade Agreements

Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA):

Guatemala – Issues Relating to the Obligations Under Article 16.2.1(a) of the CAFTA-DR. Agreed by Parties.

NAFTA Chapter XIX Panel Decisions (Review and Dispute Settlement in Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Matters):

Panel in the Matter of the Review of the Final Determination of the Antidumping Duty Investigation on Imports of Certain Red Delicious Apples and Golden Delicious Apples from the United States of America (Case Number: MEX-USA-2006-1904-02). (Chairman)   


Panel in the Matter of Certain Welded Large Diameter Line Pipe from Mexico (USA-MEX-2007-1904-03).


Panel in the Matter of Light Walled Rectangular Pipe and Tube from Mexico (USA-MEX-2008-1904-03).       

Also Mr. Ramirez is member of the panelists’ roster on several trade agreements including NAFTA, trade agreements between Mercosur and Colombia; Ecuador and Venezuela; Mercosur and Bolivia; and Costa Rica and Chile. Also, he was appointed independent trade expert of Asia- Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).


Government’s Lawyer

As Deputy General Counsel for Trade Negotiations for the Mexican Government, Mr. Ramírez provided legal advice with regard to 11 Free Trade Agreements signed by Mexico, as well as other trade agreements, including, the WTO, the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), the Latin-American Association of Integration (ALADI), among others.


He served as Chief Negotiator on free trade agreements between Mexico and Chile; El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras; Israel; and Nicaragua and Uruguay.

He led the legal team in the following procedures within the WTO involving Mexico:

United States — Final Anti-Dumping Measures on Stainless Steel from Mexico (Complainant: Mexico). DS/344.


Panama — Tariff Classification of Certain Milk Products DS/329.  (Complainant: Mexico). DS/329.


Mexico — Certain Pricing Measures for Customs Valuation and Other Purposes  (Complainant: Guatemala)  DS/298 .


Mexico — Certain Measures Preventing the Importation of Black Beans from Nicaragua (Complainant: Nicaragua) DS/284.


United States — Anti-Dumping Measures on Oil Country Tubular Goods (OCTG) from Mexico (Complainant: Mexico) DS/282


United States — Anti-Dumping Measures on Cement from Mexico (Complainant: Mexico) DS/281  (Complainant: Mexico) DS/281


United States — Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset Act of 2000  (Complainant: Canada and Mexico) DS/234


Mexico — Measures Affecting the Import of Matches  (Complainant: Chile) DS/232


Mexico — Measures Affecting Telecommunications Services  (Complainant: United States) DS/204


He was head of the legal team in the following disputes under trade agreements signed by Mexico:

Gray Portland Cement and Cement Clinker from Mexico (Extraordinary challenge committee), File No. ECC-2000-1904-01USA.


Origin of Computers imported into Peru from Mexico, Final Report of the Ad Hoc Group of Experts constituted in terms of ACE No. 8 between the United Mexican States and the Republic of Peru, March 11, 2004.


El Salvador vs Mexico- Measures currently in force and/or tending towards the granting of the sanitary registry and access to medicines.


Private Counsel

- Conducted compliance audits in accordance with the United States Law on Foreign Corrupt Practices (Foreign Corrupt Practices Act).

- Advised a British multinational company and its Mexican subsidiary in a potential dispute under the NAFTA's investment chapter.

- Represented a Mexican steel company in antidumping procedures in Mexico.

- Represented a British company on regulatory issues in Mexico.

- Represented a Mexican association of importers on 11 antidumping procedures conducted by the Mexican government.


- Extraordinary professorship "Alfonso García Robles", 2018.

- UNAM at the WTO: Tribute to Ricardo Ramírez.  National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), Mexico City, February, 2010.

– Chambers Latin America – Latin America’s Leading Lawyers in International Trade, 2009.

– Chambers Global – World Leading Lawyers in International Trade, 2009.

– Who’s Who Legal – Trade & Customs, 2009.

- One of ten lawyers highlighted in Latin Lawyer’s 2006 Trading Partners survey of Latin America.




He currently serves as Professor at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM). Chairman of the International Trade Professors Association of UNAM. Chairman of the Latin American Network of International Economic Law. Member of the Advisory Board of the International Economic Law Journal at the Autonomous Technological Institute of Mexico (ITAM) and the  Trade Law and Development Journal at the University of Jodhpur, India Law School.




– “Algunas reflexiones sobre la relación de los acuerdos comerciales preferenciales y la OMC”, in  Estado y Futuro del derecho económico internacional en América Latina. I Conferencia Bianual de la Red Latinoamericana de Derecho Económico Internacional,  editors José Manuel Álvarez Zarate, Michelle Granado, Holger Hestermeyer, Bogota, University Externado of Colombia, 2013.

– “Ley de Comercio Exterior. Anotada por Ricardo Ramírez Hernández", Cambio XXI, Mexico, 2012.

– “Professor Hudec and The Appellate Body” in Minnesota Journal of International Law, Vol. 20, Issue 2, Summer 2011.

– “Solución de controversias internacionales: El papel de Mexico como jugador silencioso,” in North American Free Trade & Investment Report, February 15, 2007.

– “Marco Internacional del Derecho de las Telecomunicaciones” in La Regulación de las Telecomunicaciones, Miguel Ángel Porrúa, Mexico, 2007.

– “Solución de Controversias en el Comercio Internacional”, Inter-American Development Bank and Uruguay Chamber of Trade and Services, Montevideo; Lacarte, Julio and Granados Jaime (Editors), Uruguay, 2004.




- Autonomous Metropolitan University, 1992.

- American University, Washington College of Law, LL.M., 1994.